Cancer is a scary word. But when you know all the facts, knowledge and understanding can reduce the fear. Find out everything you need to know about cancer and its effects...

Cancer Surgery

Cancer Surgery is one of the first cancer treatments done when the disease was first diagnosed decades ago. This procedure serves a key role in detecting the disease, determining the extent to which the tumours have spread and hopefully cure a patient.  There have been a lot of developments in Cancer Surgery which has made it one of the best and most effective treatments for cancer.

Types of Cancer Surgery

  • Prophylactic Surgery

Prophylactic surgery, also called preventive surgery, is a procedure done to take out the lumps that are about to develop as malignant tumours.  This is done even when there are no definite signs of cancer observed yet on the patient.  There are also instances wherein the entire organ is removed when there is a high risk for a patient to develop cancer.

  • Diagnostic Surgery

Diagnostic surgery is done in conjunction with biopsy wherein a sample of tissue is taken from an area suspected to have the cancer in order for it to be examined and confirm if there is the presence of the damaged cells.  There are many ways on how to take samples of tissue from the body and this type of Cancer Surgery is proven to be instrumental in determining the existence of the disease.

  • Staging Surgery

Staging surgery is done in order to determine the extent and severity of the disease, whether the tumours have spread to other parts of the body or have remained in just one area. Specific procedures used to determine the stages of cancer are laparotomy and laparoscopy.  They determine the exact measure of how far the tumours have spread in the body.

  • Curative Surgery

A curative cancer surgery is done on a patient when the tumour found in the body is just situated in one area and it should be removed to prevent it from spreading to other parts of the body.  The curative surgery is deemed the main treatment for the disease and more likely, the operation results to a high success rate of being cured from cancer.

  • Cytoreductive Surgery

This cancer surgery is also called debulking surgery and is done to take out some of the tumours but not all. This procedure is done to reduce the damage done by the tumours on a particular organ of the body.  Usually, the remaining the tumour is treated via chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

  • Palliative Surgery

This cancer surgery procedure is used to treat advanced levels of cancer.  It is not designed to cure the patient but it will definitely reduce discomfort or disability in a patient over the course of the disease.

Risks and Side Effects of Cancer Surgery

The possible side effects of cancer surgery vary per patient but are not limited to:

  • Bleeding and blood clots

  • Damage to internal organs

  • Negative reactions to drugs such as anaesthesia

  • Life threatening complications to the lungs, heart or kidneys

  • Pain

  • Infection in the incisions

It is important that you talk to your doctor about the risks and side effects of the procedure.

Cancer Surgery