Cancer is a scary word. But when you know all the facts, knowledge and understanding can reduce the fear. Find out everything you need to know about cancer and its effects...

Oesophagus Cancer

The Oesophagus also known as the esophagus is the tube that connects the stomach to the mouth. Cancer of the Oesophagus can be deadly if it is not caught quickly. Oesophagus Cancer typically starts with degeneration of the lining of the Oesophagus which rapidly begin to turn into malignant tumors.

Diagnosis of Oesophagus Cancer

Before treating cancer of the Oesophagus you must first see a doctor for it to be properly diagnosed. This is done with a process called endoscopy which involves the doctor placing a camera on the end of a scope down your throat to visually inspect the Oesophagus for degeneration and tumors. If a growth is found a small portion of the growth is surgically removed and biopsied to detect cancerous growth in a laboratory.

X Rays may also be used by Doctors to detect cancer of the Oesophagus. The patient being tested is given a radio opaque substance to drink that attracts itself to abnormal cell groups allowing them to show up the X Ray. While this method is much less painful than endoscopy it is much less of a thorough test.

Treatment of Oesophagus Cancer

Treating Oesophagus Cancer depends on the stage the cancer is. Non Metastatic Oesophagus Cancer, also known as Stage One, Stage Two or Stage Three Oesophagus Cancer is treatable and has not spread to other parts of the body. Treating Oesophagus cancer in its Non Metastatic stage is done by removing the cancerous cells from the body through a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. The Chemotherapy is used typically just before the surgery to reduce the size of the cancerous tumors to make their removal from the body easier. Radiation is used to kill any additional left over cancerous growths after the surgery.

Metastatic Oesophagus Cancer

Metastatic Oesohhagus Cancer also known as stage four cancer is not able to be cured. Doctors concentrate their treatment on attempting to slow the growth of the cancer as it has already spread to other areas of the body. There is also a concentration on reducing the pain of the patient and ensuring the patient’s ability to eat and drink either by insertion of a tube into the Oesophagus or using a laser to burn away cancerous cells to make swallowing food easier.

Importance of Early Detection

Stage Four Cancer is the last stage of cancer and is not curable. It has spread to other significant parts of the body. This is why its important to be sure to detect Oesophagus cancer before it spreads to other parts of the body. This should be done with yearly appointments as well as having any health issues checked out by your health care provider as soon as possible. If cancer is detected in the first six months to a year there is a significant chance that the cancerous growths may be able to be removed from the body with proper treatment. This is why its important that you have your yearly checkups and stay on top of your health care.