Cancer is a scary word. But when you know all the facts, knowledge and understanding can reduce the fear. Find out everything you need to know about cancer and its effects...

Cancer Treatment

With the many types of cancer that have been identified in this day and age, experts in the field have reiterated time and again that there is no specific cancer treatment for all. There are a lot of choices that are made available to all patients with each cancer treatment working only for a specific stage of cancer and other factors that the doctors need to consider.

Surgery For Cancer Treatment

Surgery is a procedure that involves incisions to remove tissues from the body.  After removing the tissue, it may be placed under pathological tests such as biopsy in order to determine if there are cancer cells.  Surgery is a local cancer treatment and it is used to treat a specific body part that has the tumours.  Its success in curing cancer will only be high if the cancer is contained in one area and has not spread to other parts of the body.

Radiotherapy For Cancer Treatment

Radiotherapy utilizes accurately targeted high energy beams to kill cancer cells. This procedure breaks the molecules in the cells which results to dead cancer cells. There are about 40% of cancer patients who go under radiotherapy as a cancer treatment and to reduce the symptoms of the disease.

Chemotherapy For Cancer Treatment

Chemotherapy is the most popular cancer treatment in the world.  It relies on the concept of stopping the cancer cells from dividing, multiplying and growing by destroying the proteins of the cancer cells or the DNA itself.  As much as chemotherapy is very successful as a cancer treatment, its main disadvantage is that it also kills the good cells.  There are a lot of side effects such as other related illnesses and hair loss.

Hormone Therapy For Cancer Treatment

Hormone therapy is used as a cancer treatment to alter the rate at which cancer cells grow and multiply.  Hormones are characterized as chemical substances that carry messages throughout the body to instruct them on what to do.  By changing the hormone levels in the body, the cancer cells may cease to grow or even die.

Immunotherapy For Cancer Treatment

Immunotherapy is just starting to be developed to produce antibody based drugs.  These medications boost the immune system and instruct it to destroy cancer cells.  At the moment, scientists are trying to figure out a way to create a vaccine that will help the immune system determine cancer cells then kill them.

Gene Therapy For Cancer Treatment

We all know that cancer starts due to problems with the inherited genes.  Gene therapy aims to mend or restore the damaged genes in the cells that carry cancer which can help in lessening the chances that cancer will develop in the body.  This treatment is still at its development phase which makes it a fairly new type of cancer treatment.

Other Possible Cancer Treatments

There are about 150,000 people that pass away in the United Kingdom alone every year due to cancer.  With this, many foundations and organizations are dedicated to cancer treatment research.  Researchers are looking into personalised or stratified medications and treatments as well as developing “smart drugs” that may be utilized along with existing cancer treatments.