Cancer is a scary word. But when you know all the facts, knowledge and understanding can reduce the fear. Find out everything you need to know about cancer and its effects...

Cancer Facts

Every year, millions of people all over the globe either find out that they have cancer or die because of cancer. Because of this, more and more individuals are looking for ways on how they can avoid getting the disease. Fortunately, there are plenty of ways on how cancer can be prevented and some of the best ways would include eating well balanced meals, avoiding unhealthy habits such as smoking and excessive drinking and leading an active lifestyle. Aside from these, it would also help if you would be making an effort to get as much information as you can about cancer and how you can prevent it. To help you get started in expanding your knowledge about this deadly disease, here are some cancer facts.

• Cancer is one of the top causes of death worldwide, together with heart disease and AIDS.

• There are over 100 types of cancers in humans, with the most common being lung cancer, skin cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer.

• Cancer is primarily an environmental disease, which means that a large percentage of cases are caused by environmental factors and only about 5 to 10 percent by genetics.

• The most common causes of cancer include smoking, poor diet and obesity, exposure to radiation, stress and infections. Among these, smoking or tobacco use is still the most common, causing about 25 to 30 percent of all cancer cases.

• About 20 percent of all reported cases of cancers are caused by some type of chronic infection. For instance, the human papillomavirus or HPV causes cervical cancer while the hepatitis B virus or HPV causes liver cancer.

• There are some types of cancer which can be caused by exposure to certain chemicals such as gasoline, arsenic, diesel exhaust, beryllium and coal products. Some of the cancers which may be caused by excessive exposure to these chemicals include bladder cancer and kidney cancer.

• More than 70 percent of all cancer deaths occur in low income and middle income countries.

• Early detection can greatly improve the effectiveness of treatment in individuals with cancer. As a matter of fact, approximately one third of cancers can successfully be cured with early detection and proper treatment. This is why it is important to undergo regular screening examinations and be aware of the common symptoms of cancer.

• There are several treatment options used by physicians and healthcare professionals for treating cancer patients which include chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy and immunotherapy. The type of treatment or treatments that should be used would largely depend on the kind of cancer, the progress of the disease, the age and the overall health of the patient.

• Aside from the conventional methods of treatment, there are also alternative cancer treatments which are used by many alternative medicine practitioners today. Some of these include mind and body interventions, massage, acupuncture, the use of herbal preparations and strict dietary regimens.

• Scientists in the medical field have also come up with some vaccines that can be used for the prevention of infections which can cause certain types of cancer. Two examples would be the hepatitis B vaccine and the human papillomavirus vaccine.

These are just some cancer facts which a lot of individuals do not know about but should know. Keep in mind that by taking your time in reading and researching about cancer facts such as these, you could equip yourself with useful information that can ultimately help you in knowing what you need to do to prevent the disease.